Office of the Pope is a fraud
In other words, in Scripture there is no solid argumentation for the office of the Pope. Maybe, some of you will point out to Matthew 16:18 and to the words "thou art Peter, and upon this rock". To them I just say that this verse uses two different greek words for "rock".
But even if I would close both of my eyes and say that Jesus regarded Peter as a the rock of the church, there are just too many argument againts Peter as the chief apostle (as the superior to other apostles):
Does anyone even think that Peter is the chief apostle?
- Peter himself says in 1 Peter 2 that the rock is JesusThereby he indirectly refutes the teaching of the Catechism (#881) that the rock is he himself, Peter.
- Peter doesn't allow his worshipUnlike the Popes of the past centuries (cp. Acts 10:26)
- The final word of the Jerusalem council has James, not PeterAt the first council in Jerusalem (cp. Acts 15), the final words that ended the arguments are said by James (supposedly subordinate), not Peter (supposedly the superior). Question: Is James overturning the decision of Jesus who supposedly made Peter the chief apostle? Is the whole council ok with it? Or maybe nobody considers Peter a superior apostle?
- In Galatians 2, Paul publicly rebukes Peter for his hypocrisyThis is strange and little bit akward if Peter is the superior of Paul.
- Disciples are arguing who among themselves is the greatestWe find the verse „thou art Peter, and upon this rock...“ (the supposed establishment of the office of the Pope) in Matthew, chapter 16. But in Matthew, chapter 18 we see how the disciples argue among themselves who is the greatest. This does not makes sense, if everybody already knows that Peter is the greatest, the chief apostle.
- Peter is send to the mission field by the other apostlesIn Acts 8:14 we see the supposed subordinate apostles sending to the mission field of Samaria the supposed chief apostle. Another example that nobody considers Peter as the Pope.
Was Peter in Rome?
- Author of the Letter to the Romans is Paul, not PeterThis is strange if Peter is the bishop of Rome. Why would Paul write a letter to the Romans if Peter is already there? It seems like Peter is not in Rome.
- Paul doesn't greet Peter at the end of his letter to the RomansAnd he send his greetings to at least 25 people (cp. Romans 16). It really seems like Peter is not in Rome. Or he was never there or only for a short period of time. Either way, he couldn't occupy the position of the bishop of Rome nor the office of the Pope. By the way, there is not one connection between Peter and Rome in the New Testament.
- Most of the Christians in Rome were probably former pagansPeter was sent to the circumcised and Paul to the uncircumcised (cp. Galatians 2:7). Most of the Christian in Rome were probably uncircumcised. It doesn't makes sense why would Peter stay there for a long petriod of time to be a bishop there or why would he even go there when most of the people there are not circumcised.
It's even wise to think that there is an office of the Pope?
- Scripture knows nothing about transfering of the office of the apostleApostles didn't appoint their successors, the next generation of apostles. We just don't see that in Scripture. They only appointed elders (Acts 14:23) but this is a competely different office. The same way there is nothing in Scripture about appointing the next chief apostle. It wouldn't make sense to have a new chief apostle if there were no sucessors to the other apostles. He would be a chief to nobody.
- Was the Pope number 2 superior to the apostle John?Peter dies sooner than John. It's illogical to thing that the successor of Peter was superior to the apostle of John, superior to the man who was personally apointed by Jesus (cp. Galatians 2:9).
- Keys that were given to Peter in Matthew 16 has Jesus now (Revelation 3:7)John wrote the Book of Revelation after the death of Peter. From Revelation 3:7 we can infer that the keys Peter had were not inherited by the sucessor of Peter, but were returned to Jesus. Jesus only "borrowed" the keys to Peter, so he could unlock the door to the Kingdom to the Jews (cp. Acts 2) and to the Gentiles (cp. Acts 10).
- Call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.The word "pope" is the translation of the Greek word "pappas" and it means "father". But in Matthew 23:9 Jesus expressedly said that we should call nobody "father" (in a spiritual sense).